Sargent #400 Series Bench Plane Type Study

This is an excerpt from the book, “Sargent #400 Series Bench Plane Identifcation Guide”, By Don Wilwol, Casey Benton and Mike Howell and also included in The Sargent Hand Plane Reference Guide for Collectors and Woodworkers”   The Sargent Hand Plane Reference Guide for Collectors & Woodworkers – Second Edition is an in-depth study of Sargent hand planes from the earliest patented designs to the end of production, including brief descriptions of each plane in Sargent’s extensive line.

It’s important to note that features of Sargent planes often carry over from type to type. Sargent used up inventory as they came to it, so it’s common to see parts from previous years on more modern planes. Although we see this in most tool manufactures, we see this more in Sargent planes than we generally do in others. It also seems like there is also more variations and more building one plane at a time type work than we see in other manufactures as well.

 Instances of this would be a type 4 base may have the name raised in a square AND the size of the plane behind the frog, or the size may be missing, OR the base may be void of any casting marks at all.

The best approach when determining the planes age is to start with the lateral, but verify the base. The lateral should get you close, especially on the older planes. Identification of a plane’s “Type” is a three-step hierarchical process:

  1. Casting/base Type
  2. Frog type
  3. Lever Caps and Irons.

Also a plane with a type 4 base and all other (or at least a majority of) type 3 parts (more often seen in planes Sargent made for house brands) would be considered an early type 4 where a very late type 3 would be a type 3 base with all (or at least a majority of) other type 4 parts. If you are trying to date the plane this narrows it down to a short period before or after the transition. Don’t let the existence of multiple “type” parts make you feel you have an undervalued plane. As time passes, we may find more sub types that can be added to the study.

Type 0 Sargent 400 series…………….(1887 – first run)  (see page 12 in the book for a full set of features)

David Heckel mentions in “Sargent Planes Identification and Value Guide Second Edition” that the handle on this plane had “at that time” only been reported on a #408 & #418 plane. We have now found it on a #409 as well.

**Type 1 base
**Pre-Lateral frog
**The totes are flat sided in an unconventional shape and are rosewood
** The model number depressed into the casting

Sargent #409 Type 0 Example—>

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Type 1 Sargent 400 series…….(1887 – 1890)  (see page 14 in the book for a full set of features)

**Type 1 base
**Pre-Lateral frog
**Normal Totes
** Sargent & Co and Size cast in base

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Type 2 Sargent 400 series……….(1890-1901)  (see page 15 in the book for a full set of features)

** Horseshoe lateral
** Frog seat has O shaped bolt receivers
**Round top frog
**Iron logo oval with USA in the center. Sargent and Co. Top and New Haven Ct bottom.

Corrugated will be a  Sargent Type — — 5400 Series

  

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Type 3 Sargent 400 series..….(1902-1909)  (see page 18 in the book for a full set of features)

**Second twisted lateral with bent type disc
**Ogee shaped frog
**Frog seat with O shaped bolt receivers are gone and are now being transitioned to “square shaped” frog bolt receivers.

Corrugated will be a  Sargent Type — — 5400 Series

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Type 4 Sargent 400 series……VBM………..(1910-1918)  (see page 20 in the book for a full set of features)

** Cap has “Sargent VBM” cast on it
** Third lateral with bent type disc and folded finger end
**Heavier casting

Type 4 Sub Types Introduced.

 4a ——- These typically have plain lever caps. The castings are/were being geared up to be the VBM.

——- Still has an ogee style frog with recesses with japanned pattern
——- Sargent still not cast in a raised square behind knob
——- The model number may be cast in the sole on some
Note: Type 4a Pre-VBM have been observed in the following sizes as of this writing: #409,#414C, #418, #422…”

Here is a 4a frog  type 4a frog on larger planes

It is unknown whether the Type 4 bases started before or after 1910. The 4a Type may be before 1910 or it may be Sargent just using up parts after the VBM designation was started.

4b——- Round top frog reappears. Frog face is flat with no recesses
——- Sargent Cast in a raised square behind knob
——- The model number is no longer cast in the sole

Here is a 4b frog    Sargent type 4b frog

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Type 5 Sargent 400 series ,…………….(1919-1942)  (see page 22 in the book for a full set of features)

** Lever cap now just has “Sargent” cast on it
** Tall knob
** New shaped tote
** A very few type 5 have left handed cutter adjuster.

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Type 6 Sargent 400 series…(1943-1950)  (see page 22 in the book for a full set of features)

** Lever cap now has “Sargent” cast and wrapped in a border
** New Tote design
** Adjuster nut is larger (1 1/4”) and steel

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Early Hercules (Sargent’s value priced Line)  (see page 26 in the book for a full set of features)

1927-1949 – #1408, #1409, and #1414.

1936-1949 – #1409C. 1936-1943 – #1414C

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Hercules “Golden Cutter”……….(1950-1955 – #1408, #1409, and #1414. )  (see page 27 in the book for a full set of features)

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Final Production 1400 Series…..1955-61 – #1408, #1409, and #1414.  (see page 28 in the book for a full set of features)

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More Examples of Sargent Hand Planes

Blue Grass Smoother (#1408 by Sargent)

Blue Grass Smoother (#1408 by Sargent)

Blue Grass Smoother (#1408 by Sargent) //
Craftsman Smoother by Sargent

Craftsman Smoother by Sargent

Sargent made CRAFTSMAN SMOOTHER The knob and tote is original and have been refinished The japanning has been stripped and the plane repainted with engine enamel. This plane was completely tuned, sharpened and tested The cap, chip breaker, and blade...
Hercules #1409 Smoother

Hercules #1409 Smoother

The frog and sole took very little work. The overspray on the frog seats needed to come off. A quick hit with some sand paper on a block of wood took care of it
Hercules #1414 JACK by Sargent

Hercules #1414 JACK by Sargent

And Earlier SARGENT made Hercules #1414 JACK  (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({ google_ad_client: "ca-pub-1267137695501695", enable_page_level_ads: true });
Sargent #10C Smoother

Sargent #10C Smoother

Sargent #10 Smoother This plane is the actual plane featured in  “THE SARGENT HAND PLANE REFERENCE GUIDE FOR COLLECTORS & WOODWORKERS – SECOND EDITION ” also available on amazon .
Sargent #1414 Jack Plane

Sargent #1414 Jack Plane

Sargent #114 Jack Plane This is a last production" model of this Sargent plane This later model has plastic knob and tote, but it's not a flimsy plastic like some of the cheaper models. You can also see that although Sargent followed most other...
Sargent #3408 Type 3 Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3408 Type 3 Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3408 Type 3 Transitional Smoother Note the Sargent design has machine screws holding the frog to the frame. Others have wood screws directly into the wood base. This make for a better design in my opinion. It provides a more solid support for...
Sargent #3410 Type 1 Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3410 Type 1 Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3410 Type 1 Transitional Smoother Note the Sargent design has machine screws holding the frog to the frame. Others have wood screws directly into the wood base. This make for a better design in my opinion. It provides a more solid support...
Sargent #3410 VBM Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3410 VBM Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3410 VBM Transitional Smoother Note the Sargent design has machine screws holding the frog to the frame. Others have wood screws directly into the wood base. This make for a better design in my opinion. It provides a more solid support for the...
Sargent #3412 VBM Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3412 VBM Transitional Smoother

Sargent #3412 VBM Transitional Smoother Note the Sargent design has machine screws holding the frog to the frame. Others have wood screws directly into the wood base. This make for a better design in my opinion. It provides a more solid support for...
SARGENT #3415 TYPE 1 TRANSITIONAL JACK PLANE

SARGENT #3415 TYPE 1 TRANSITIONAL JACK PLANE

SARGENT #3415 TYPE 1 TRANSITIONAL JACK PLANE

Sargent #3416 Type 1 Transitional Jack

Sargent #3416 Type 1 Transitional Jack Note the Sargent design has machine screws holding the frog to the frame. Others have wood screws directly into the wood base. This make for a better design in my opinion. It provides a more solid support for the...
Sargent #3420 Transitional Plane

Sargent #3420 Transitional Plane

Sargent #3420 Transitional Plane Note the frame has been welded
Sargent #408 Type 2 Smoothing Plane

Sargent #408 Type 2 Smoothing Plane

Sargent #408 Type 2 Smoothing Plane The type 2 is known as the horseshoe lateral made about 1891-1901
Sargent #408 Type 5 Smoother

Sargent #408 Type 5 Smoother

Sargent #408 Type 5 This is a type 5 Sargent #408. The #408 is 9” ling and has a 1 3/4” cutter It weight is 2# 15.6 ozs This one has a Stanley cutter The knob and tote is Mahogany. It has a right handed cutter adjuster As with all...
Sargent #408 Type 6 Smooth Plane

Sargent #408 Type 6 Smooth Plane

Sargent #408 Type 6 Smooth Plane (My# #408-03128-6) This plane has been tuned, sharpened and tested. The pot marks you see in the cap are casting blemishes. The knob and tote are original. They were lightly sanded and give a few coats of fresh...
Sargent #409 Smoother

Sargent #409 Smoother

Here you get to use a plane rich in history along with its part in documenting it's history. This plane is also the actual plane featured in "THE SARGENT HAND PLANE REFERENCE GUIDE FOR COLLECTORS & WOODWORKERS – SECOND EDITION " also available o...
Sargent #409 Smoother Type 5

Sargent #409 Smoother Type 5

Sargent #409 Smoother Type 5 The plane has been sand blasted and completely restored. The knob and tote are the original Mahogany. The tote has been repaired. It has a Victory blade which would be a replacement. It’s definitely a work horse and p...
Sargent #409 Smoother VBM Type 4a

Sargent #409 Smoother VBM Type 4a

Sargent #409 Smoother Type 4a This Sargent #409 smoother has a unique characteristic i have not seen before. Note the guides machined in the sides of the frog and seat. This is the only one like this I've seen(although I have seen another frog like...
Sargent #409 Type 0

Sargent #409 Type 0

Sargent #409 Type 0 Type 0 Sargent #400 series…...(1887 – first run) (Dates estimated) This version of Sargent bench plane is one of the rarest hand planes you’ll need to find as a Sargent Collector. Other than this one, I’ve not seen another for sal...
Sargent #409 Type 2 Smoother with Hock Upgrade

Sargent #409 Type 2 Smoother with Hock Upgrade

SARGENT #409 Type 2 Smoother with Hock Upgrade It came to me without a blade or chip breaker, so what a perfect opportunity to add a High Carbon Steel (O1) Blade and Cap Iron Set. The Hock set is brand new and works right out of the package....
Sargent #409 Type 4 Custom Smoother

Sargent #409 Type 4 Custom Smoother

Sargent #409 Type 4 Custom Smoother This plane has been customized. The body was sand blasted and given several coats of industrial clear lacquer. The knob and tote are new custom made from Bloodwood. Not the tote has been left a little oversized...
Sargent #409C type 5 Smoother

Sargent #409C type 5 Smoother

Sargent #409C type 5 Smoother
Sargent #410 Type 2 Smoother

Sargent #410 Type 2 Smoother

Sargent #410 Type 2 Smoother This plane is also the actual plane featured in  “THE SARGENT HAND PLANE REFERENCE GUIDE FOR COLLECTORS & WOODWORKERS – SECOND EDITION ” also available on amazon . It’s the #410 shown on the bottom of page 82 Stric...
Sargent #414 Jack Plane

Sargent #414 Jack Plane

SARGENT #414 Jack Plane Size is similar to a Stanley #5 This is a type 6 #414 Completely restored and Tuned. Ready to work. Knob and tote are original. They have been refinished. No breaks or cracks (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle ||...
Sargent #414 Jack Type 2

Sargent #414 Jack Type 2

Sargent #414 Jack Type 2 _ An Example that was Completely restored. Sharpened with a slight camber. New rosewood knob and tote.
Sargent #414 Jack with  guides machined in the sides

Sargent #414 Jack with guides machined in the sides

Sargent #414  Jack Plane New rosewood tote. Knob is original with no cracks or breaks The pictures tell most of the story. It is sharpened with a camber as a Jack was typically used. The plane has been completely stripped and restored. This would ...
Sargent #414 VBM Jack

Sargent #414 VBM Jack

Sargent #414 VBM Jack_ New rosewood tote. Also note the knob had a tight crack. I opened the crack as much as i could (I usually try to break it for a complete repair, but this would not break with reasonable pressure) so I forced some CA glue in and...
Sargent #414C Jack Type 4 VBM

Sargent #414C Jack Type 4 VBM

Sargent #414C Jack Type 4 VBM The japanning is about 60%. The blade has been sharpened with a camber and is ready to work as a Jack. The tote is a user made tote that was reasonably well done. I’ve done some additional sanding and refinished The k...
Sargent #418 VBM Fore Plane with Hock Blade

Sargent #418 VBM Fore Plane with Hock Blade

Sargent #418 VBM Fore Plane with Hock Blade Custom made wenge knob and tote Brand new 2 3/8" Hock Blade and chip breaker set.
Sargent #422 Jointer Type 2

Sargent #422 Jointer Type 2

Sargent #422 Jointer Type 1/2 This has some very early components. It is potentially a very late type 1 or early type 2 making it close to 1891. It's original. Japanning is about 60% Rosewood is as I found it. No cracks or breaks Blade has some minor...
Sargent #422.Type 2 Jointer

Sargent #422.Type 2 Jointer

Sargent #422.Type 2. Jointer. See the Sargent type study here As Found condition (see photos) This is the same size as a Stanley #7.  Japanning is reasonable. A great collector piece or user (my #-422-082117-1)
Sargent #52 Scraper

Sargent #52 Scraper

Sargent #52 Scraper This plane is also the actual plane featured in "THE SARGENT HAND PLANE REFERENCE GUIDE FOR COLLECTORS & WOODWORKERS – SECOND EDITION " also available on amazon . It's the plane shown on page 144 .
Sargent #5410 Type 3 Corrugated Smother

Sargent #5410 Type 3 Corrugated Smother

Sargent #5410 Type 3 Corrugated Smother The Sargent #5410 (or #410C) was the same size as a Stanley #4 1/2. The #5400 series of planes are type 2 and 3 corrugated versions of #400 planes manufactured before 1910 when the VBM series was introduced....
Sargent #5414 Type 2 Jack Plane

Sargent #5414 Type 2 Jack Plane

Sargent #5414 Type 2 Jack Plane  (The #5414 was an early #414 corrugated) Note the welded tote bolt. The sole was stripped so this was the repair The tote has been repaired. ...

Sargent #5424 ( 424C ) Type 2/3 Jointer

A Sargent Type 2/3 #5424 ( 424C ) (Stanley #8 Size) See the 5400 series info here —> The picture should tell the whole story. The 5424 is a bit uncommon and kind of hard to find. The base has been stripped and refinished. For a S...
Sargent #5424 (424C) Jointer

Sargent #5424 (424C) Jointer

A Sargent Type 2 #5424 (Stanley #8 Size) See the 5400 series info here ---> The picture should tell the whole story. The 5424 is a bit uncommon and kind of hard to find.
Sargent #6408 Shaw Patent Prototype

Sargent #6408 Shaw Patent Prototype

Sargent #6408 Shaw Patent Prototype The #6408 Sargent is one of the rarest hand planes you'll need to find as a Sargent Collector. Other than this one, I've not seen another for sale, and I know of only 3 in private collections. This plane is in this...
Sargent #7 Smoother

Sargent #7 Smoother

Sargent #7 Smoother This plane is also the actual plane featured in  “THE SARGENT HAND PLANE REFERENCE GUIDE FOR COLLECTORS & WOODWORKERS – SECOND EDITION ” also available on amazon .
Sargent #708

Sargent #708

This plane is also the actual plane featured in "THE SARGENT HAND PLANE REFERENCE GUIDE FOR COLLECTORS & WOODWORKERS – SECOND EDITION " also available on amazon . It's the plane shown on page 17  
Sargent #708 Type 3 Smoother

Sargent #708 Type 3 Smoother

Sargent #708 Type 3 Smoother (My #708-022618-1) This is the actual plane found on page 16 of “The Sargent Hand Plane Reference Guide for Collectors and Woodworkers” Don't have the book yet? Add a copy with this plane for $45 Tuned and sharpened. It has...
Sargent #710 VBM with Custom Boodwood Knob & Tote

Sargent #710 VBM with Custom Boodwood Knob & Tote

Sargent #710 VBM with Custom Boodwood Knob & Tote This plane is features on page 18 of The Sargent Hand Plane Reference Guide for Collectors and Woodworkers - Second Edition
Sargent #9 Shaw Patent Smoother

Sargent #9 Shaw Patent Smoother

Sargent Shaw Patent Plane information ---> Sargent #9 Shaw Patent Smoother This plane has been completely restored. It has new wenge knob and tote and a Hock High Carbon Tool Steel (O1) Blade.
Sargent Hercules #1409 Smoother

Sargent Hercules #1409 Smoother

Sargent Hercules #1409 Smoother The Sargent Hercules line was an economy line in the 1950s . In my opinion, it's probably the best economy line plane of the day. They make pretty decent users. This one has just been lightly cleaned and sharpened....
Sargent made Craftsman #306 Block Plane

Sargent made Craftsman #306 Block Plane

Sargent made Craftsman #306 Block Plane Craftsman #619.3704. This is exactly like the Sargent model with the exception of the color.
Sargent Type 4  #422 Smoother

Sargent Type 4 #422 Smoother

SARGENT Type 4 #422 Smoother Size is similar to a Stanley #7 This is a type 4 right at the beginning of the VBM Original Japanning. Knob and tote are original. They have been refinished. Note the tote has been repaired
Sargent Type 6  #409 Smoother

Sargent Type 6 #409 Smoother

SARGENT Type 6 #409 Smoother Size is similar to a Stanley #4 This is a type 6 #409 Original Japanning. Knob and tote are original. They have been refinished.