Most major manufacturers of vintage planes had circular planes in their line up. Circular planes, or planes sometimes called Compass planes, are for planing convex (external) and concave (internal) curves in wood. They’re are both metallic and wood versions.

 

There are rumors that Millers Falls may have made a circular plane, but I’ve never actually seen one, and I don’t believe they ever made it to a catalog listing. Missing from my collection is the Ohio Tools 0113, 020, and the 020 1/2 (The Ohio planes followed the Stanley design with the 020 1/2 being like the #020 except for the finish)and an Evans Circular Plane. Some other images can be seen below as well from other sources.

  • The Stanley #113 was made from 1877-1942 (ref John Walters Book)
  • The Stanley #20 was made from 1897-1958 (ref John Walters Book)
  • The Sargent #74 was made from 1910-1943 (ref  Heckel)
  • The Sargent #76 was made from 1910-1943 (ref  Heckel)

Here are just a few, From left to right, top row, Union #411, Sargent #76, Stanley type 2 #113
Bottom row, Stanley #20, Sargent #74, Bailey #13.

Circular Planes -1Circular Planes -2Circular Planes -3

Sargent #76

Sargent #76 - 2Sargent #76 - 3

Sargent #74

Sargent 74 -2

Leonard Bailey Started working on his circular plane around 1871. (#13)

Stanley #13 - 2Stanley #13

Stanley #20

Stanley also made a #20 1/2 which was identical to the #20, except that the plane was japanned instead of nickel plated.Stanley #20 -1Stanley #20 - 2

Stanley #113

Stanley #113 - 1Stanley #113 - 2Stanley #113 - 3

My Union #411

Union #411 - (Like Stanley #113)Union #411 - (Like Stanley #113)

The following images Are not from my collection. A Union 411 (like the Stanley 113) and the second a Union 414 (like the Stanley 20)

Union 411 (like the Stanley 113) and the second a Union 414 (like the Stanley 20)

Union 411-Union 414Union 411-Union 414-2

Union #411

 union 411

A Union #414

 

union 414union 414 (2)

Union also made a #413, which was similar to the #414 but with a nickel finish

And finally a Union #311. I’m still looking for information on how this fits with the #411. It seems the #411 doesn’t have the number marked on it, but it’s in their 1905 catalog. This one is from Bill Gerold’s collection.

Union #311 

Union #311

Union #311 lever cap back marked #311

 

The Ohio Tool Catalog excerpt.

ohio cat image

An Ohio Tools #020 (from the collection of Doug Wood)

An Ohio Tools #020 (from the collection of Doug Wood)

Follow the link here is a site for dating the Stanley #113

The Evans Circular planes were made from 1864 to 1871, Stanley Bought him out in 1871 (ref PTAMPIA)

evans

record

This Kunz can still be bought today

kunz