TimeTestedTools was started for the collaboration and sharing of vintage tool information. I have see that starting to unfold between the “Hand Plane Building, Restoring and Collecting” group on Facebook and the TimeTestedTools forum. The goal for this post is to develop an Ohio Tools timeline (or otherwise known as a Ohio Tools Bench Plane Type Study). The collaboration and force of the current 8000+ members of the two groups mentioned and all other internet connected possibilities, we may be able to develop some historical information we can all use and enjoy. Feel free to share this request where ever you feel useful information can be gained.

Here are my notes on Ohio Tools from my observations of the planes and documentation I have seen. Thanks to all who have contributed so far and for all those who will continue to share information that has been found. Some additional relevant information on the Ohio Tools Company can be seen here. 

1823-The Ohio Tool Company started operations in Columbus, Ohio. 1851 they incorporated.

The Auburn Tool Company merged with the Ohio Tool Company of Columbus, Ohio, on Nov 14, 1893.

The Auburn Tool merger also got Ohio Tools the New York Tool Co. name. Auburn Tool continued to operate as Ohio Tools until 1907

The earliest I can find evidence of Ohio tools making metallic planes is 1901 and Roger Smith states in PTAMPIA they started around 1900.

Since Auburn Tools didn’t make metallic plane (to my knowledge) one can assume the Ohio Tools Planes with the Thistle Brand, (which was originally Auburn Tool’s), started in 1893ish, probably on just wood bodied planes. So a TYPE 1 Ohio Tools metallic plane would have the Thistle brand cutter (but without the thistle) stating in 1901.

This is the thistle brand used by Auburn

Auburn Tool Co Thistle Brand Blade Logo

Early Ohio Tools Metallic Logo

Other attributes noted in this time frame;

  • The lateral adjuster is just bent on the end like a Stanley type 5
  • Also not the flat back on the cutter adjuster knob. The thicker outer portion thins out later
  • Thistle Brand logo (without the thistle as shown above)
  • Heavy tapered cutter
  • Number cast like “No 04” cast in front of knob
  • Thick sided cutter adjustment knob with flat end.
  • Bent type lateral
  • Rosewood knob and tote

I currently don’t know why or when the red japanned planes go in the timeline. My gut is they started with Red to differentiate themselves from Stanley and then changed to black japanning, but so far I have no evidence to provide any kind of support for the theory other than all of the Red japanned planes I have seen carry the early attributes, including their transitional line and the Liberty Bell style line and all of the patented Ohio Tools metallic planes are black.

So a projected Type 1 would be 1900-1905. Reasoning, 1906 is the first date I’ve found evidence of the globe logo.

 

Thistle Bladefirst ogio adjuster

The type 1’s seem to have the number cast as “NO 04” (or in the case of the picture “No 06”

no-06 on front

The Ohio Tools with the Red japanning usually have similar attributed to the ones above

  • Thistle Brand logo
  • Heavy tapered cutter
  • “No 04” cast in front of knob
  • Thick sided cutter adjustment knob with flat ends.
  • Bent type lateral
  • Rosewood knob and tote

I’m still trying to determine if the Red planes were before the black.

WP_20130915_004WP_20130915_005WP_20130915_007

red base

 

Possibly the second type.

1906 is the first date I’ve found evidence of the globe logo

Globe logo before the move to Charleston, West Virginia. So before 1914.

This plane has the thick tapered cutter

2 before move cutter Ohio2 before move cutter adjuster Ohio2 before move number Ohio

Here is a #04 with the Globe before the move also. Same lateral, same Logo, previous style cutter adjuster.

This plane also has a thick tapered cutter with just 04 in front of the knob.

3 before move cutter Ohio (2)3 before move cutter adjuster Ohio
I have a third with the following attributes

  • No cast marks in the bed
  • Same washer type lateral as the two previous
  • same thick tapered cutter
  • same cutter adjuster knob as the first with the thinner outside walls.

These have two different bases among these three planes. On the left is the first two and on the right is the 3rd with no number cast.

4 bases for before move

1914-The Company moved to a new plant at Charleston, West Virginia

1920 they went out of business.

 

Here is some evidence that the Columbus Ohio logo was still used on the cutter after the move to Charleston. This transitional I have has the Charleston Logo (hard to make out in the photo, but its Charleston) stamped on top of the plane in front of the knob and the Columbus logo on the cutter.

 

Charleston logo on Transitional plane combined with Columbus logo on the cutter

Charleston logo on Transitional plane combined with Columbus logo on the cutter

Charleston logo on Transitional plane combined with Columbus logo on the cutter

Charleston logo on Transitional plane combined with Columbus logo on the cutter

 

1915 popular mechanics1906 popular mechanics1907 popular mechanics1909 popular mechanics1909 popular mechanics21911 popular mechanics1911 popular mechanics21913 popular mechanics1914 popular mechanics

Early Plane Examples

Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -07Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -06Ohio 4 1-4 globe-04Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -01Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -02Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -04Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -03Red Ohio 04 1-2 nothistle -05

 

After Globe Logo Plane Examples

A #04 1/4

Ohio 4 1-4 globe-06Ohio 4 1-4 globe-02Ohio 4 1-4 globe-03Ohio 4 1-4 globe-01

Comparisons

Caompare thistle on left-globe on right

Here is another later one